Systematic review on large-scale agile transformations analyzing 52 papers. Abstract Agile methods have become an appealing alternative for companies striving to improve their performance, but the methods were originally designed for small and individual teams. This creates unique challenges when introducing agile at scale, when development teams must synchronize their activities, and there might be a need to interface with other organizational units. In this paper we present a systematic literature review on how agile methods and lean software development has been adopted at scale, focusing on reported challenges and success factors in the transformation.
|Contract - Wikipedia||The research proposal outlines the process from beginning to end and may be used to request financing for the project, certification for performing certain parts of research of the experiment, or as a required task before beginning a college dissertation.|
|Systematic review as a research method in post-graduate nursing education - ScienceDirect||Results Conclusion The first step is to formulate a research question. This stage forms part of a larger stage of devising the research protocol.|
|Background||Proceed to Order Help with Writing a Systematic Review Writing a systematic review for your thesis or dissertation proposal takes time because of the amount of research that you must do beforehand in preparing the literature and studies on which you are going to base your research.|
Formation[ edit ] At common law, the elements of a contract are offer, acceptance, intention to create legal relations, and consideration.
Not all agreements are necessarily contractual, as the parties generally must be deemed to have an intention to be legally bound. Offer and acceptance and Meeting of the minds In order for a contract to be formed, the parties must reach mutual assent also called a meeting of the minds.
As a court cannot read minds, the intent of the parties is interpreted objectively from the perspective of a reasonable person as determined in the early English case of Smith v Hughes . It is important to note that where an offer specifies a particular mode of acceptance, only an acceptance communicated via that method will be valid.
A bilateral contract is an agreement in which each of the parties to the contract makes a promise  or set of promises to each other. These common contracts take place in the daily flow of commerce transactions, and in cases with sophisticated or expensive precedent requirements, which are requirements that must be met for the contract to be fulfilled.
Less common are unilateral contracts in which one party makes a promise, but the other side does not promise anything. In these cases, those accepting the offer are not required to communicate their acceptance to the offeror.
In a reward contract, for example, a person who has lost a dog could promise a reward if the dog is found, through publication or orally. The payment could be additionally conditioned on the dog being returned alive. Those who learn of the reward are not required to search for the dog, but if someone finds the dog and delivers it, the promisor is required to pay.
In the similar case of advertisements of deals or bargains, a general rule is that these are not contractual offers but merely an "invitation to treat" or bargainbut the applicability of this rule is disputed and contains various exceptions.
A contract is implied in fact if the circumstances imply that parties have reached an agreement even though they have not done so expressly. For example, John Smith, a former lawyer may implicitly enter a contract by visiting a doctor and being examined; if the patient refuses to pay after being examined, the patient has breached a contract implied in fact.
A contract which is implied in law is also called a quasi-contractbecause it is not in fact a contract; rather, it is a means for the courts to remedy situations in which one party would be unjustly enriched were he or she not required to compensate the other.
Quantum meruit claims are an example. Invitation to treat[ edit ] Main article: Invitation to treat Where something is advertised in a newspaper or on a poster, this will not normally constitute an offer but will instead be an invitation to treatan indication that one or both parties are prepared to negotiate a deal.
Carbolic, a medical firm, advertised a smoke ball marketed as a wonder drug that would, according to the instructions, protect users from catching the flu. When sued, Carbolic argued the advert was not to be taken as a serious, legally binding offer ; instead it was "a mere puff", or gimmick.
But the court of appeal held that it would appear to a reasonable man that Carbolic had made a serious offer, and determined that the reward was a contractual promise. Although an invitation to treat cannot be accepted, it should not be ignored, for it may nevertheless affect the offer.
For instance, where an offer is made in response to an invitation to treat, the offer may incorporate the terms of the invitation to treat unless the offer expressly incorporates different terms. If, as in the Boots case,  the offer is made by an action without any negotiations such as presenting goods to a cashierthe offer will be presumed to be on the terms of the invitation to treat.
Auctions are governed by the Sale of Goods Act as amendedwhere section 57 2 provides: Electronic contracts[ edit ] Entry into contracts online has become common. Many jurisdictions have passed e-signature laws that have made the electronic contract and signature as legally valid as a paper contract.
In India, E-contracts are governed by the Indian Contract Actaccording to which certain conditions need to be fulfilled while formulating a valid contact. Certain sections in information Technology Act also provide for validity of online contract.
Intention to be legally bound In commercial agreements it is presumed that parties intend to be legally bound unless the parties expressly state the opposite as in a heads of agreement document.
In contrast, domestic and social agreements such as those between children and parents are typically unenforceable on the basis of public policy.
For example, in the English case Balfour v. In contrast, in Merritt v Merritt the court enforced an agreement between an estranged couple because the circumstances suggested their agreement was intended to have legal consequences. Consideration A concept of English common law, consideration is required for simple contracts but not for special contracts contracts by deed.
Thus, consideration is a promise of something of value given by a promissor in exchange for something of value given by a promisee; and typically the thing of value is goods, money, or an act.WRITING AN EFFECTIVE RESEARCH PROPOSAL Marja J.
Verhoef, PhD Robert J. Hilsden, MD MSc FRCPC Departments of Medicine and Community Health Sciences. In South Africa, there appears to be poor understanding about using a systematic review as an acceptable research method in post-graduate nursing education.
GUIDE FOR WRITING A FUNDING PROPOSAL. Proposal Writing Hints. Project Title/Cover Page. Check to see if the agency you have in mind has any specifications for the Title Page (often they have a required format). WRITING AN EFFECTIVE RESEARCH PROPOSAL Marja J. Verhoef, PhD Robert J. Hilsden, MD MSc FRCPC Departments of Medicine and Community Health Sciences. A systematic literature review is often the first and essential step in the research process. A rigorously conducted literature review will help you to: Determine what is already known about your proposed research topic /question.
Systematic review on large-scale agile transformations analyzing 52 papers. • We identify 35 reported challenges in 9 categories, and 29 success factors in 11 categories.
Help with Writing a Systematic Review Writing a systematic review for your thesis or dissertation proposal takes time because of the amount of research that you must do beforehand in preparing the literature and studies on which you are going to base your research.5/5.
This user-friendly guide helps students get started on--and complete--a successful doctoral dissertation proposal by accessibly explaining the process and breaking it down into manageable steps. Help Desk Central. Help Desk Central assists Texas A&M students, faculty and staff with their IT questions by phone, email, chat, in person and on the web.