During the Constitutional Convention, instead of revising the Articles of Confederation as originally planned, those attending the meeting felt that a whole new document needed to be written. Legislation, the sovereignty of states, and the executive branch were all major differences between the two documents. Legislation was one of the biggest differences in the two documents. In the original Article of Confederation, each state received one vote regardless of size.
Get a complete paper today. Some of the weaknesses of these Articles were economic disorganization, lack of central government power, and legislative inefficiencies.
To rectify these weaknesses, the Supreme law that would supersede any other in the United States had to be created. This Constitution has acted as a guide to the evolution of its governmental institutions thus providing grounds for social progress, economic growth, political stability, and individual freedom.
Originally, it governed approximately 4 million citizens of the 13 original states. Today, it governs over million citizens of the 52 states and has been subjected 27 amendments. The process of creating the Constitution did not just happen, but was marred by intense debate and numerous proposals of the Us constitution and articles of confederation essay version.
A draft of the Constitution was released in after ten years of reliance on the articles.
The articles provided for a fragile alliance among the 13 states and thus led to a very weak federal government that could not attend to the economic, political, social, and security needs of the 4 million citizens. On the other hand, the Constitution provided for a smooth mechanism of empowering the federal government and thus strengthened the association among all states.
Under the Articles, the central government could not effectively act on critical matters such as public finance, trade, and defense since it relied on the decisions made by the respective state legislatures. The Constitution was drafted by 55 delegates among them prominent leaders and Founding Fathers.
All consented to the objective of the Constitution that states: The Constitution was more uniting than the Articles.
The result of this is that the states became more united under the Constitution than under the articles. However, every level of government exercise huge extent of autonomy having been offered some particular powers that not even the federal government can curtail.
Also, the Constitution provided respective courts with the jurisdiction to solve the disputes arising among different jurisdictions. In line with the structure of the government, the Articles had instituted national legislature that had no executive powers and had no federal courts.
On the other hand, the structure of the government as provided for in the Constitution was stratified into tri-divisions namely; the judiciary, legislature, and executive. The head of executive division is the President.
Further, this clause prohibited the states from engaging in any kind of war without the authorization by the Congress. Additionally, the Constitution gave Congress the mandate of making decisions pertaining to conflicts, peace, and engaging in foreign relations.
In regard to these responsibilities and powers bestowed on Congress, the Confederation Articles were bound to fail since they greatly limited the sovereignty of Congress. In addition, the Congress was given power to raise funds and provide for the army.
This was contrary to the Articles that only gave power to individual states in determining when to engage the army or not to. The powers vested on the President and the Congress by the Constitution raised the sovereignty level of the central government in reigning over the citizens and assuring security from an internal or external threat.
In terms of trade regulation, the federal government was given the power over trade control at both inter-state and international levels. The Articles had not provided for such power to the central government to control interstate and international trade. In terms of trade regulation, the federal government was given the power over trade control at both inter-state and international levels whereas the Articles conferred power to individual states.
The Constitution gave Congress the mandate of making decisions pertaining to conflicts, peace, and engaging in foreign relations. Additionally, the Constitution provided for a smooth mechanism of empowering the federal government and thus strengthened the association among all states.
On the other hand, the Articles provided for a fragile alliance among the 13 states and thus led to a very weak federal government that could not attend to the economic, political, social, and security needs of the 4 million citizens.
Works Cited Chu, Jonathan M. The Journal Of American History, vol 89, no.The Articles of Confederation and the US Constitution Essay Words | 5 Pages. success of their nation. The Articles of Confederation was the first system of . "Signing of the Constitution" () by Howard Chandler Christy.
The byfoot painting, commissioned by Congress for the th anniversary of the Constitutional Convention, is in the U.S. Difference between articles of confederation and constitution.
After the United States was declared independent in , a committee was formed in to create “The Articles of Confederation” that acted as the very first constitution of the 13 original Free states. * During the convention at which the Constitution was established, Roger Sherman, a delegate from Connecticut and signatory to the Declaration of Independence, alleged that the principal duties of a national government are to defend against foreign danger and internal uprisings, establish treaties, and regulate/tax trade with foreign nations.
The United States has operated under two constitutions. The first, The Articles of Confederation, was in effect from March 1, , when Maryland ratified it.
The second, The Constitution, replaced the Articles when it . The Articles of Confederation was the first form of government established by the United States. It was a union between the newly declared thirteen states.
Many delegates realized that the Articles of Confederation was a weak form of government and called a convention after what became known as Shays's Rebellion.