Perspectives of industrial relations

Grievance Management Industrial conflicts are the results of several socio-economic, psychological and political factors. Various lines of thoughts have been expressed and approaches used to explain his complex phenomenon. To a politician, industrial conflict is a war of different ideologies — perhaps a class-war. Psychological approach The problems of IR have their origin in the perceptions of the management, unions and the workers.

Perspectives of industrial relations

Search Major Perspectives in Industrial Relations This essay focuses on the three dominant perspectives in industrial relations. These perspectives are unitary perspective, pluralist perspective and Marxist perspective as Dzimbiri suggests.

The essay discusses each perspective in detail and further analyzes the one which provide an explanation of the employment relations in the modern work organizations.

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Having done that the essay finally gives a conclusion. In both definitions, the employment relationship is based on the rules, procedures and practices which the concerned parties have to adhere to.

Therefore, industrial relations can be defined as the study of relationships between employers and employees that is governed by a set of rules, procedures and practices for the benefit of either party. The assumption is that employees are always loyal and trustworthy Perspectives of industrial relations the management in order to ensure that organizational common goals are achieved.

The working relationship is associated with strict adherence to rules, regulations and procedures. The trade union is used as a means of communication with the workforce by the management in instances where these trade unions exist. Pluralist suggests that the diversity of employees in the work places by nature should be composed of people with variety of ideas, goals and objectives.

For example, the goals and objectives of the organization are most likely to be different to that of employees. The predominant sub-groups in the pluralist perspective are the management representing the organization and trade unions that represents the interests of employees.

The pluralist perspective considers that organizations and employees have multiple interests which have to be fulfilled through trust. The pluralist perspective views conflict as unavoidable in an organization.

Dubin in Dzimbiri The focus in pluralist perspective is on the resolution of conflict rather than its generation; Fox in Blyton and Turbull Pluralist perspective suggests that employment relationship by nature is full of conflicts which are depicted through the organizational structure, for example.

Employers and employees do not have the same goals or objectives and it is therefore, a breeding ground for conflict. The pluralist perspective welcomes the presence of trade unions in organizations. It is suggested that since the organization is represented by management, employees should also be represented by trade unions that represents their interests.

Perspectives of industrial relations

In other ways organizations exists in order to make profit at the expense of employees. The reason is that organizations are powerful because of the economic resources that they own hence the misunderstanding that lead into conflict between employer and employee.

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This being the case, an employer is able to survive longer without labour than the employee can survive without work, Blyton and Turbull This perspective allows conflict because it is through this conflict that societal imbalances can cease.

Marxist perspective believes that societal imbalances can only cease through a revolution because the employer and employee relationship is exploitative as the employer want to reap more at the expense of employees. Industrial relations suggest that the major actors in the employment relationship are employers, employees and the state Dzimbiri, On the other hand, organizations achieve its intended objectives through and with employees Armstrong, In the modern work organizations, the pluralist perspective takes centre stage because organizations realize the need to consider both organizational and individual goals.

It brings trust between employers and employees in the organization. Apart from achieving organizational goals, individuals have their own goals to achieve.


The more those employees participate in the management of the organization and have the opportunity to fulfill them on the job, the more dedicated will be the work they perform Sanders, This results in the improved interpersonal relationship between management and employees.Industrial relations theoretical perspectives Introduction The employment relationship is a key aspect of managing human resources because it brings together the rights, power, legitimacy and obligations that both employers and employees seek from each other.

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California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection Firefighters, CAL FIRE Local Among the three dominant perspectives, the pluralist perspective provides an adequate explanation of the employment relations in modern work organizations.

Industrial relations suggest that the major actors in the employment relationship are employers, employees and the state (Dzimbiri, ). About Balakuteera. Founded in , BALAKUTEERA Montessori House of Children is an independent school run by the BALAKUTEERA Educational Trust.

What is Industrial Relations: Different Perspectives

It offers a pre-primary programme for children aged 2 to 6 years. Industrial relations scholars have described three major theoretical perspectives or frameworks, that contrast in their understanding and analysis of workplace relations.

The three views are generally known as unitarism, pluralist and radical.

Perspectives on Industrial Relations