An overview of the concept of animal testing

But for Wendy, this little book would not exist. FOREWORD Disability law is an area of law that overlaps with many other areas of law — including employment law, administrative law, elder law, consumer law, construction law, insurance law, school law, health law, social security law, and civil rights law. Individuals with disabilities are a protected class under civil rights laws, and it is the one protected class that anyone can join, usually involuntarily, at any point in their lives. It is my hope that this book, which is a very broad brush look at disability law, will find its way into the hands of both individuals who have disabilities and entities that have obligations under various disability laws.

An overview of the concept of animal testing

What are the symptoms of grieving? The decision to put down a pet is a very private, individual process that each owner must go through or decide upon on his or her own.

There is no one right or wrong on this matter: As one author, I can only present this subject and its facts as I personally see them and, because of this, I can not possibly hope to satisfy and please everybody. For example, just the thought of pet euthanasia at all is abhorrent in some quarters and so, naturally, this page will be distasteful to those readers.

Some of the information I write here may even be disagreed upon by some other vets and individual animal health or welfare professionals with differing viewpoints to my own.

All opinions, arguments and disagreements are perfectly valid: If any of the stuff I write here offends you or is contrary to what you believe, please understand that it is never my intention to cause any such offense and that you have my sincerest apologies up front.

Euthanasia is the process whereby an animal is deliberately killed usually by a veterinarian or other animal industry professional qualified to do the job for reasons of humane relief of suffering; uncontrollable behavioural defects e.

Typical humane euthanasia procedure: During the process of euthanasia, the animal patient is normally injected with a chemical substance called pentobarbitone that is very closely related to some of the drugs normally used to induce general anaesthesia in animals.

This chemical essentially acts like a severe overdose of veterinary anaesthetic: This is where the term "put to sleep" comes from. The animal peacefully and instantly falls asleep undergoes anaesthesia and then passes through into death without experiencing any pain.

Alternative euthanasia methods and procedures: Occasionally rarelypet euthanasia may be performed using alternative methods to pentobarbitone injection. Euthanasia can be performed on an animal via the administration of large volumes of potassium chloride: Because potassium chloride injection is painful, the animal is normally placed under a general anaesthetic before the solution is injected.

Some euthanasias may even be performed using such means as shooting euthanasia by gunshot ; captive bolt pistol a form of shooting that does not involve a bullet ; gassing carbon monoxide or carbon dioxide ; decapitation; neck-breaking cervical dislocation ; throat-cutting exsanguination and electrocution.

None of these alternative euthanasia methods is generally used in the putting down of domestic pets most are far too distressing for owners to watchhowever, shooting, potassium chloride administration and captive bolt euthanasia may sometimes be used in the humane euthanasia of horses and livestock animals.

Gassing, decapitation and electrocution are more likely to be used in the killing of poultry or pigs for human consumption, however, this would technically be termed slaughter rather than euthanasia. People elect to have their pets and other domesticated animals put down for a huge variety of humane, personal, practical and financial reasons.

I have chosen to list some of the more common reasons why people elect to euthanase animals I could never hope to list them all! Please note that the information contained within these two subsections is just my own opinion I have provided reasons for my opinion in each subsection listing and that this opinion is not at all set in stone: The following is a list of reasons that I consider to be valid reasons for having a dog or cat or other animal euthanased.

Please note that this is not an exhaustive list. The animal is suffering from a terminal illness that medical or surgical therapy can no longer relieve or help: The relief of pain and suffering is probably the most common reason owners have for euthanasing a beloved pet.

Because animals are now living long enough just like people to die slowly by degrees from chronic, incurable, sometimes-painful illnesses like cancer, renal disease and heart failure, it is becoming very common for owners to have to make this choice about what is kindest for their terminally ill pets.

It is important to note that not every animal that develops or is diagnosed with a terminal illness needs to be put down right away.How do we do research with animals? The debate on animal research can get so heated that the facts can be lost.

Why are animals genetically modified? Concept learning, also known as category learning, concept attainment, and concept formation, is defined by Bruner, Goodnow, & Austin () as "the search for and listing of attributes that can be used to distinguish exemplars from non exemplars of various categories".More simply put, concepts are the mental categories that help us classify .

Animal testing is an important aspect of food production, where it ensures the safety and hygiene of our food. Sep 18,  · Use the browser controls to adjust the font size, or print this page. Alternative test methods are methods that replace, reduce, or refine animal use in research and testing, a concept first described by William Russell and Rex Burch in their book The Principles of .

Alternatives to animal testing are the development and implementation of test methods that avoid the use of live animals.. There is widespread agreement that a reduction in the number of animals used and the refinement of testing to reduce suffering should be important goals for the industries involved.

Two major alternatives to in vivo animal testing .

An overview of the concept of animal testing

The government allows animal testing to take place in order to keep humans safe, but it doesn't occur without controversy. The quiz covers relevant examples as well as reasons for testing animals.

Food Production and Animal Testing